# 2018 JULY paper 1 solution

By | July 8, 2018

## UGC NET JULY 2018 PAPER 1

 Question 1
Which of the following statements, regarding the term ICT is/are TRUE? P: ICT is an acronym that stands for Indian Classical Technology. Q: Converging technologies that exemplify ICT include the merging of audio-visual, telephone and computer networks through a common cabling system.
 A P Only B Q Only C P and Q D Neither P nor Q
 Question 2
A new Laptop has been produced that weighs less, is smaller and uses less power previous Laptop models. Which of the following technologies has been used to accomplish this?
 A Universal Serial Bus Mouse B Faster Random Access Memory C Blu Ray Drive D Solid State Hard Drive
 Question 3
Assertion (A): Classroom communication is a transactional process. Reason (R): A teacher does not operate under the assumption that students' responses are purposive. Select the correct code for your answer:
 A Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A). B Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A). C (A) is true, but (R) is false. D (A) is false, but (R) is true.
 Question 4
Assertion (A): The initial messages to students in the classroom by a teacher need not be critical to establish interactions later. Reason (R): More control over the communication process means more control over what the students are learning. Codes:
 A Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of A). B Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A). C (A) is true, but (R) is false. D (A) is false, but (R) is true.
 Question 5
Assertion (A): To communicate well in the classroom is a natural ability. Reason (R): Effective teaching in the classroom demands knowledge of the communication process. Code:
 A Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A). B Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A). C (A) is true, but (R) is false. D (A) is false, but (R) is true.
 Question 6
Assertion (A): All teaching should aim at ensuring learning. Reason (R): All learning results from teaching. Choose the correct answer from the following code:
 A Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A). B Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A). C (A) is true, but (R) is false. D (A) is false, but (R) is true.
 Question 7
Assertion (A): Indoor air pollution is serious hazard. Reason (R): The dispersal of air pollutants is rather limited in indoor environment. Choose the correct answer from the code given below:
 A Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A) B Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A) C (A) is true and (R) is false. D Both (A) and (R) are false.
 Question 8
From the list of evaluation procedures given below identify those which will be called 'formative evaluation'. Indicate your answer by choosing from the code:
1. A teacher awards grades to students after having transacted the course work.
2. During interaction with students in the classroom, the teacher provides corrective feedback.
3. The teacher gives marks to students on a unit test.
4. The teacher clarifies to doubts of students in the class itself.
5. The overall performance of a student's us reported to parents at every three months interval.
6. The learner's motivation is raised by the teacher through a question-answer session.
 A (1), (2) and (3) B (2), (3) and (4) C (1), (3) and (5) D (2), (4) and (6)
 Question 9
Given below are two premises (A and B). Four conclusions are drawn from them. Select the code that states validity drawn conclusion(s) (taking the premises individually or jointly). Premises: (A) Most of the dancers are physically fit. (B) Most of the singers are dancers. Conclusions:
1. Most of the singers are physically fit.
2. Most of the dancers are singers.
3. Most of the physically fit persons are dancers.
4. Most of the physically fit persons are singers.
 A (1) and (2) B (2) and (3) C (3) and (4) D (1) and (4)
 Question 10
Given the following email fields, which of the email addresses will 'swami' be able to see when he receives the message?
TOram@test.com
Crajtest.com; ravi@test.com
BCCswami@test. com; rama@test. com
 A ram@test. com B ram@test. com; raj@test. com; ravi@test. com C ram@test. com; rama@test. com D ram@test. com; rama@test. com; raj@test. com; ravi@test. com
 Question 11
If VARANASI is coded as WCUESGZQ, then the code of KOLKATA will be:
 A LOQOZEH B HLZEOOQ C ZELHOQO D LQOOFZH
 Question 12
If the proposition 'domestic animals are hardly ferocious' is taken to be false, which of the following proposition/propositions can be claimed to be certainly true? Select the correct code: Propositions:
1. All domestic animals are ferocious.
2. Most of the domestic animals are ferocious.
3. No domestic animal is ferocious.
4. Some domestic animals are non-ferocious.
 A (1) and (2) B (1) only C (3) and (4) D (2) only
 Question 13
In terms of their contribution to the total power generation in India, Identify the correct sequence of energy sources-Thermal Power Plants (TPP), Large Hydropower Projects (LHP), Nuclear Energy (NE) and Renewable Energy (RE) which includes solar energy, wind energy, biomass and small hydropower projects.
 A TPP > RE > LHP > NE B TPP > LHP > RE > NE C LHP > TPP > RE > NE D LHP > TPP > NE > RE
 Question 14
In the two sets given below Set-I indicates methods of teaching while Set-II provides the basic requirements for success/effectiveness. Match the two sets and indicate your answer by choosing from the code:
Set-I (Method of teaching)Set-II (Basic requirements for success/effectiveness)
(a) Lecturing(i) Small step presentation with feedback provided
(b) Discussion in groups(ii) Production of large number of ideas
(c) Brainstorming(iii) Content delivery in a lucid language
structional procedure(iv) Use of teachingaids
v) Theme based interaction among participants
 A $(i)-a, (ii)-b, (iii)-c, (iv)-d$ B $(ii)-a, (iii)-b, (iv)-c, (v)-d$ C $(iii)-a, (v)-b, (ii)-c, (i)-d$ D $(iv)-a, (ii)-b, (i)-c, (iii)-d$
 Question 15
In which of the following activities, potential for nurturing creative and critical thinking is relatively greater?
 A Preparing research summary B Presenting a seminar paper C Participation in research conference D Participation in a workshop
Question 15 Explanation:
In workshop: The largest portion being emphasized on “hand-on-practice” or laboratory work. On the other hand a research conference refers to a formal meeting where participants exchange their views on various topics. Thus it has great potential for nurturing creative and critical thinking.
 Question 16
India has the largest Higher Education System in the World after:
1. The United States of America
2. Australia
3. China
4. United Kingdom (UK)
Select the correct answer from the code given below:
 A (1), (2), (3) and (4) B (1), (2) and (3) only C (1), (3) and (4) only D (1) and (3) only
 Question 17
Introducing, Rakesh to her husband a women said, “His brother's father is the only son of my grandfather”. The woman is related to Rakesh as:
 A Aunt B Mother C Sister D Daughter
 Question 18
Leader of the opposition is a member of committees which select:
1. the central information Commissioner
2. the Central Vigilance Commissioner
3. the Chairperson of National Human Rights Commission
4. the Chairperson of National Commission for women
Select the correct answer from the code given below:
 A (1), (2), (3) and (4) B (1), (2) and (3) only C (1), (3) and (4) only D (1), (2) and (4) only
 Question 19
Prime Minister Research Fellowship is for students pursuing Ph.D programme in:
 A State and Central Universities B Central Universities, IISc, IITs, NITs, IISERs and IIITs C IISc, IITs, NITs, IISERs, IIITs, State and Central Universities D IITs and IISc
Question 19 Explanation:
The Prime Minister’s Research Fellowship (PMRF) scheme is aimed at attracting the talent pool of the country to doctoral (Ph.D.) programs of Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and Indian Institute of Science (IISc) for carrying out research in cutting edge science and technology domains, with focus on national priorities. Under the PMRF scheme, students who have completed, or are pursuing, the final year of four year undergraduate or five year integrated M.Tech or five year integrated M.Sc. or five year undergraduate-postgraduate dual degree programs in Science and Technology streams from IIEST/IISc/IITs/NITs/IISERs and centrally funded IIITs are eligible for admission to full time Ph.D. programme in the IITs & IISc provided they fulfil prescribed eligibility criteria and finally get selected after shortlisting/written test/interview. For each participating IIT and IISc the Ph.D admissions under the PMRF scheme will be supernumerary.
 Question 20
Put the following units of storage into the correct order, starting with the smallest unit first and going down to the largest unit:
1. Kilobyte
2. byte
3. Megabyte
4. Terabyte
5. Gigabyte
6. Bit
 A (6), (2), (1), (3), (4), (5) B (6), (2), (1), (4), (5), (3) C (6), (2), (1), (3), (5), (4) D (6), (2), (1), (4), (3), (5)
 Question 21
Superiority of intellect depends upon its power of concentration on one theme in the same way as a concave mirror collects all the rays that strike upon it into one point.
 A Mathematical B Psychological C Analogical D Deductive
 Question 22
The next term in the series-1, 5, 15, 29, ................, .. is
 A 36 B 47 C 59 D 63
Question 22 Explanation:
-1+6=5, 5+10=15, 15+14=29, 29+18=47.
 Question 23
The next term in the series: ABD, DGK, HMS, MTB, SBL, ................, .. is:
 A ZKU B ZCA C ZKW D ZKU
 Question 24
The problem of 'research ethics' is concerned with which aspect of research activities?
 A Following the prescribed format of a thesis B Data analysis through qualitative or quantitative technique C Defining the population of research D Evidence based research reporting
Question 24 Explanation:
any new study should be informed by systematically examining existing evidence to determine the study's need, design, and methods.
 Question 25
There are two sets given below. Set-I specifies the types of research, while Set-II indicates their characteristics. Match the two and given your answer by selecting the appropriate code. Set-I
Set I (Research types)Set-II (Characteristics)
a) Fundamental research(i) Finding out the extent of perceived impact of an intervention
(b) Applied research(ii) Developing an effective explanation through theory building
(c) Action research(iii) Improving an existing situation through use of interventions
(d) Evaluative research(iv) Exploring the possibility of a theory for use in various situation
v) Enriching technological resources
 A $a-ii, b-(iv), c-(iii), d-(i)$ B $a-(v), b-(iv), c-(iii), d-(ii)$ C $a-(iii), b-(ii), c-(iii), d-(iv)$ D $a-(ii), b-(iii), c-(iv), d-(v)$
 Question 26
Two numbers are in the ratio 2: 5. If 16 is added to both the numbers, their ratio becomes 1: 2. The numbers are:
 A 16, 40 B 20, 50 C 28, 70 D 32, 80
 Question 27
Which of the following are the barriers to citizen-centric administration in India?
1. Wooden and inflexible attitude of the civil servants
2. Ineffective implementation of laws and rules
3. Awareness of rights and duties of citizens
4. Lack of job opportunities for the youth.
Select the correct answer from the code given below:
 A (1), (2), (3) and (4) B (1), (2) and (3) only C (1), (2) and (4) only D (1) and (2) only
 Question 28
Which of the following is considered as major source of pollution in rivers of India?
 A Unregulated small scale industry B Untreated sewage C Agricultural run-off D Thermal power plants
Question 28 Explanation:
Canals, rivers and lakes in India often serve as dumping grounds for sewage, solid and liquid wastes. These are sources of water pollution, as illustrated in Tamil Nadu (above) and West Bengal (below). Water pollution is a major environmental issue in India. The largest source of water pollution in India is untreated sewage. Other sources of pollution include agricultural runoff and unregulated small scale industry. Most rivers, lakes and surface water in India are polluted   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_pollution_in_India
 Question 29
Which of the following learner characteristics is highly related to effectiveness of teaching?
 A Prior experience of the learner B Educational status of the parents of the learner C Peer groups of the learner D Family size from which the learner comes.
 Question 30
Which of the following sequence of research steps is nearer to scientific method?
 A Suggested solution of the problem, Deducing the consequences of the solution, Perceiving the problem situation, Location of the difficulty and testing the solutions. B Perceiving the problem situation, Locating the actual problem and its definition, Hypothesizing, Deducing the consequences of the suggested solution and Testing the hypothesis in action. C Defining a problem, Identifying the causes of the problem, Defining a population, Drawing a sample, Collecting data and Analysing results. D Identifying the causal factors, Defining the problem, Developing a hypothesis, Selecting a sample, Collecting data and arriving at generalization and Conclusions.
Question 30 Explanation:

## Scientific Method Steps

The exact steps of the scientific method vary from source to source, but the general procedure is the same: acquiring knowledge through observation and testing.

### Making an Observation

The first step of the scientific method is to make an observation about the world around you. Before hypotheses can be made or experiments can be done, one must first notice and think about some sort of phenomena occurring. The scientific method is used when one does not know why/how something is occurring and wants to uncover the answer, but before one can even question an occurrence, they must notice something puzzling in the first place.

Next, one must ask a question based on their observations, such as: why/how is this thing occurring? Why/how does it happen this way? Sometimes this step is listed first in the scientific method, with making an observation (and researching the phenomena in question) listed as second. In reality, both making observations and asking questions tend to happen around the same time, as one can see a confusing occurrence and immediately think, “why is it occurring?” When observations are being made and questions are being formed, it is important to do research to see if others have already answered the question, or uncovered information that may help you shape your question. For example, if you find an answer to why something is occurring, you may want to go a step further and figure out how it occurs.

### Forming a Hypothesis

A hypothesis is an educated guess to explain the phenomena occurring based on prior observations. It answers the question posed in the previous step. Hypotheses can be specific or more general depending on the question being asked, but all hypotheses must be testable by gathering evidence that can be measured. If a hypothesis is not testable, then it is impossible to perform an experiment to determine whether the hypothesis is supported by evidence.

### Performing an Experiment

After forming a hypothesis, an experiment must be set up and performed to test the hypothesis. An experiment must have an independent variable, which is something that is manipulated by the person doing the experiment, and a dependent variable, which is the thing being measured (and which may be affected by the independent variable). All other variables must be controlled so that they do not affect the outcome. During an experiment, data is collected. Data is a set of values; it may be quantitative (e.g. measured in numbers) or qualitative (a description or yes/no answer). For example, if you were to test the effect of sunlight on plant growth, amount of light would be the independent variable (the thing you manipulate) and the height of the plants would be the dependent variable (the thing affected by the independent variable). Other factors such as air temperature, amount of water in the soil, and species of plant would have to be kept the same between all of the plants used in the experiment so that you could truly collect data on whether sunlight affects plant growth. The data that you would collect would be quantitative, since you would measure the height of the plant in numbers.

### Analyzing Data

After performing an experiment and collecting data, one must analyze the data. Research experiments are usually analyzed with statistical software in order to determine relationships among the data. In the case of a simpler experiment, one would look at the data and see how they correlate with the change in the independent variable.

### Forming a Conclusion

The last step of the scientific method is to form a conclusion. If the data support the hypothesis, then the hypothesis may be the explanation for the phenomena. However, multiple trials must be done to confirm the results, and it is also important to make sure that the sample size—the number of observations made—is big enough so that the data is not skewed by just a few observations. If the data do not support the hypothesis, then more observations must be made, a new hypothesis is formed, and the scientific method is used all over again. When a conclusion is drawn, the research can be presented to others to inform them of the findings and receive input about the validity of the conclusion drawn from the research.   Source
 Question 31
Which of the following set of statements is correct for describing the human communication process?
1. Non-verbal communication can stimulate ideas.
2. Communication is a learnt ability.
3. Communication is not a universal panacea.
4. Communication cannot break-down.
5. More communication means more effective learning by students.
6. Value of what is learnt through classroom communication is not an issue for students.
 A (1), (3), (5) and (6) B (2), (4), (5) and (6) C (1), (2), (3) and (4) D (1), (4), (5) and (6)
 Question 32
Which of the following statements are correct about gender budgeting?
1. It is separates budget addressing the specific needs of women.
2. It assesses the impact of government budget on women.
3. It is an accounting exercise.
4. It is another budgeting innovation.
Select the correct answer from the code given below:
 A (2) and (4) only B (1) and (4) only C (1), (3) and (4) only D (1) and (2) only
 Question 33
Which of the following types of natural disasters has no definite beginning and end?
 A Earthquakes B Landsides C Hurricanes D Droughts
 Question 34
Which of the sets of activities best indicate the cyclic nature of action research strategy?
 A Reflect, Observe, Plan, Act B Observe, Act, Reflect, Plan C Act, Plan, Observe, Reflect D Plan, Act, Observe, Reflect
 Question 35
Which one among the following is a presupposition in inductive reasoning?
 A Law of identity B Unchangeability in nature C Harmony in nature D Uniformity of nature
 Question 36
Which one of the following statements is not correct in the context of Venn diagram method?
 A It is a method of testing the validity of arguments. B It represents both the premises of a syllogism in one diagram. C It requires two overlapping circles for the two premises of a standard-form categorical syllogism. D It can be used to represent classes as well as propositions.
 Question 37
With regard to computer memory, which of the following statement (s) is/are TRUE? P: Read Only Memory (ROM) is 'volatile' memory. Q: Random Access Memory (RAM) is 'volatile' memory. R: Secondary Memory is 'volatile' memory.
 A P only B Q only C P and Q only D P and R only
 Question 38
'Fly ash' produced in thermal power plants is an ecofriendly resource for use in:
1. agriculture as micro-nutrient
2. wasteland development
3. dam and water holding structures
4. brick industry
Choose the correct answer from the code given below:
 A (1), (2) and (4) only B (2), (3) and (4) Only C (1), (3) and (4) Only D (1), (2), (3) and (4)
 Question 39
Which of the following set of statements best describes the nature and objectives of teaching?
1. Teaching and learning are integrally related.
2. There is no difference between teaching and training.
3. Concern of all teaching is to ensure some kind of transformation in students.
4. All good teaching is formal in nature.
5. A teacher is a senior person.
6. Teaching is a social act whereas learning is a personal act.
 A (1), (2) and (4) B (2), (3) and (5) C (1), (3) and (6) D (4), (5) and (6)
 Question 40
If India has to develop her internal strengths, the nation has to focus on the technological imperatives, keeping in mind three dynamic dimensions: the people, the overall economy and the strategic interests. These technological imperatives also take into account a 'fourth' dimensions, time, and offshoot of modern day dynamism in business, trade, and technology that leads to continually shifting targets. We believe that technological strengths are especially crucial in dealing with this fourth dimension underlying continuous change in the aspirations of the people, the economy in the global context, and the strategic interests. The progress of technology lies at the heart of human history. Technological strengths are the key to creating more productive employment in an increasingly competitive market place and to continually upgrade human skills. Without a pervasive use of technologies, we cannot achieve overall development of our people in the years to come. The direct linkages of technology to the nation's strategic strengths are becoming more and more clear, especially since 1990s. India's own strength in a number of core areas still puts it in a position of reasonable strength in geo-political context. Any nation aspiring to become a developed one needs to have strengths in various strategic technologies and also the ability to continually upgrade them through its own creative strengths. For people-oriented actions as well, whether for the creation of large scale productive employment or for ensuring nutritional and health security for people, or for better living conditions, technology is the only vital input. The absence of greater technological impetus could lead to lower productivity and wastage of precious natural resources. Activities with low productivity or low value addition, in the final analysis hurt the poorest most important. India, aspiring to become a major economic power in terms of trade and increase in GDP, cannot succeed on the strength of turnkey projects designed and built abroad or only through large-scale imports of plant machinery, equipment and know how. Even while being alive to the short-term realities, medium and long-term strategies to develop core technological strengths within our industry are vital for envisioning a developed India.
According to the above passage, which of the following are indicative of the fourth dimension?
1. Aspirations of people
2. Modern day dynamism
3. Economy in the global context
4. Strategic interests
 A (1), (2) and (3) only B (2), (3) and (4) only C (1), (3) and (4) only D (1), (2) and (4) only
 Question 41
More productive employment demands:
 A Pervasive use of technology B Limiting competitive market place C Geo-political considerations D Large industries
 Question 42
Absence of technology would lead to:
1. Less pollution
2. Wastage of precious natural resources
4. Hurting the poorest most
 A (1), (2) and (3) only B (2), (3) and (4) only C (1), (2) and (4) only D (1), (3) and (4) only
 Question 43
The advantage if technological inputs would result in:
 A Unbridled technological growth B Importing plant machinery C Sideling environmental issues D Lifting our people to a life of dignity
 Question 44
Envisioning a developed India requires:
 A Aspiration to become a major economics player B Dependence upon projects designed abroad C Focus on short-term projects D Development of core technological strengths
 Question 45
Differentiation between acceptance and non-acceptance of certain stimuli in classroom communication is the basis of:
 A Selective expectation of performance B Selective affiliation to peer groups C Selective attention D Selective morality
 Question 46
The table below embodies data on the production, exports and per capita consumption of rice in country P for the five years from 2012 to 2016. Answer questions 46-50 based on the data contained in the table.
YearProduction (in million kg)Exports (in million kg)Per Capita Consumption (in kg)
2012186.511436.25
201320211435.2
201423813038.7
201522111640.5
20162158842
Where, Per Capita Consumption = (Consumption in million kg) / (Population in million) and consumption (in million kg) = Production-Exports. The Percentage increase in the consumption of rice over the previous year was the highest in which year?
 A 2013 B 2014 C 2015 D 2016
 Question 47
What is the population of the country in the year 2014 (in million)?
 A 2.64 B 2.72 C 2.79 D 2.85
 Question 48
The ratio of exports to consumption in the given period was the highest in the year:
 A 2012 B 2013 C 2014 D 2015
 Question 49
In which year, the population of country was the highest?
 A 2013 B 2014 C 2015 D 2016
 Question 50
What is the average consumption of rice (in million kg) over the years 2012-2016?
 A 104 B 102.1 C 108 D 100.1
There are 50 questions to complete.